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Yttrium-90 quantitative phantom study using digital photon counting PET

Abstract : Abstract Background PET imaging of 90 Y-microsphere distribution following radioembolisation is challenging due to the count-starved statistics from the low branching ratio of e + / e − pair production during 90 Y decay. PET systems using silicon photo-multipliers have shown better 90 Y image quality compared to conventional photo-multiplier tubes. The main goal of the present study was to evaluate reconstruction parameters for different phantom configurations and varying listmode acquisition lengths to improve quantitative accuracy in 90 Y dosimetry, using digital photon counting PET/CT. Methods Quantitative PET and dosimetry accuracy were evaluated using two uniform cylindrical phantoms specific for PET calibration validation. A third body phantom with a 9:1 hot sphere-to-background ratio was scanned at different activity concentrations of 90 Y. Reconstructions were performed using OSEM algorithm with varying parameters. Time-of-flight and point-spread function modellings were included in all reconstructions. Absorbed dose calculations were carried out using voxel S-values convolution and were compared to reference Monte Carlo simulations. Dose-volume histograms and root-mean-square deviations were used to evaluate reconstruction parameter sets. Using listmode data, phantom and patient datasets were rebinned into various lengths of time to assess the influence of count statistics on the calculation of absorbed dose. Comparisons between the local energy deposition method and the absorbed dose calculations were performed. Results Using a 2-mm full width at half maximum post-reconstruction Gaussian filter, the dosimetric accuracy was found to be similar to that found with no filter applied but also reduced noise. Larger filter sizes should not be used. An acquisition length of more than 10 min/bed reduces image noise but has no significant impact in the quantification of phantom or patient data for the digital photon counting PET. 3 iterations with 10 subsets were found suitable for large spheres whereas 1 iteration with 30 subsets could improve dosimetry for smaller spheres. Conclusion The best choice of the combination of iterations and subsets depends on the size of the spheres. However, one should be careful on this choice, depending on the imaging conditions and setup. This study can be useful in this choice for future studies for more accurate 90 Y post-dosimetry using a digital photon counting PET/CT.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03419556
Contributor : Béatrice Rayet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 11:19:37 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 11:54:46 AM

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Joey Labour, Philippe Boissard, Thomas Baudier, Fouzi Khayi, David Kryza, et al.. Yttrium-90 quantitative phantom study using digital photon counting PET. EJNMMI Physics, Springer-Verlag, 2021, 8 (1), ⟨10.1186/s40658-021-00402-6⟩. ⟨hal-03419556⟩

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