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Surfing the Big Data Wave: Omics Data Challenges in Transplantation

Abstract : In both research and care, patients, caregivers, and researchers are facing a leap forward in the quantity of data that are available for analysis and interpretation, marking the daunting "big data era." In the biomedical field, this quantitative shift refers mostly to the -omics that permit measuring and analyzing biological features of the same type as a whole. Omics studies have greatly impacted transplantation research and highlighted their potential to better understand transplant outcomes. Some studies have emphasized the contribution of omics in developing personalized therapies to avoid graft loss. However, integrating omics data remains challenging in terms of analytical processes. These data come from multiple sources. Consequently, they may contain biases and systematic errors that can be mistaken for relevant biological information. Normalization methods and batch effects have been developed to tackle issues related to data quality and homogeneity. In addition, imputation methods handle data missingness. Importantly, the transplantation field represents a unique analytical context as the biological statistical unit is the donor-recipient pair, which brings additional complexity to the omics analyses. Strategies such as combined risk scores between 2 genomes taking into account genetic ancestry are emerging to better understand graft mechanisms and refine biological interpretations. The future omics will be based on integrative biology, considering the analysis of the system as a whole and no longer the study of a single characteristic. In this review, we summarize omics studies advances in transplantation and address the most challenging analytical issues regarding these approaches.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03655070
Contributor : Sylvie Le Bihan Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 11:21:20 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:36:24 AM

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Rokhaya Ba, Estelle Geffard, Venceslas Douillard, Françoise Simon, Laurent Mesnard, et al.. Surfing the Big Data Wave: Omics Data Challenges in Transplantation. Transplantation, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2021, 106 (2), pp.e114 - e125. ⟨10.1097/tp.0000000000003992⟩. ⟨inserm-03655070⟩

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