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Savoir médical grec et stoïcisme romain : le cas de l'oeuvre de Sénèque

Abstract : It is quite surprising to fi nd Greek medical knowledge in Seneca's philosophical works. Indeed, Stoicism recommends not to give an excessive importance to the body, and Roman intellectuals are wary most of the time of Greek knowledge. Yet, the medical knowledge of the philosopher is undeniable, both through the use of precise technical terminology and rigorous pathological or therapeutic theories. The source of this Greek knowledge is diffi cult to identify precisely. The most obvious thing is that the school of Sextii occupies a primordial place in this transmission network. More than a source, it is actually a fi lter between Greek medical knowledge and the work of the Roman philosopher. Indeed, Sextii deploy a morally-infl ected medicine, by integrating into the very core of the medical theories, mostly thos e of Hippoc r ate s, elements of Hellenistic philosophical knowledge, an inflection which corresponds perfectly to the ethical requirements of Roman Stoicism.
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Contributor : Jean-Christophe Courtil <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 5, 2020 - 11:16:38 AM
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Jean-Christophe Courtil. Savoir médical grec et stoïcisme romain : le cas de l'oeuvre de Sénèque. Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne, UMR7044 - Archimède, 2019, pp.26-41. ⟨hal-02149371⟩



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