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Theoretically and computationally convenient geometries on full-rank correlation matrices

Abstract : In contrast to SPD matrices, few tools exist to perform Riemannian statistics on the open elliptope of full-rank correlation matrices. The quotient-affine metric was recently built as the quotient of the affine-invariant metric by the congruence action of positive diagonal matrices. The space of SPD matrices had always been thought of as a Riemannian homogeneous space. In contrast, we view in this work SPD matrices as a Lie group and the affine-invariant metric as a left-invariant metric. This unexpected new viewpoint allows us to generalize the construction of the quotient-affine metric and to show that the main Riemannian operations can be computed numerically. However, the uniqueness of the Riemannian logarithm or the Fréchet mean are not ensured, which is bad for computing on the elliptope. Hence, we define three new families of Riemannian metrics on full-rank correlation matrices which provide Hadamard structures, including two flat. Thus the Riemannian logarithm and the Fréchet mean are unique. We also define a nilpotent group structure for which the affine logarithm and the group mean are unique. We provide the main Riemannian/group operations of these four structures in closed form.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03527072
Contributor : Yann Thanwerdas Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 10:39:41 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 1, 2022 - 3:17:46 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03527072, version 1
  • ARXIV : 2201.06282

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Yann Thanwerdas, Xavier Pennec. Theoretically and computationally convenient geometries on full-rank correlation matrices. 2022. ⟨hal-03527072⟩

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