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Table of Contents
History of Nordic Computing 3, Third IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC 3
John Impagliazzo, Per Lundin, BenktWangler(Eds.)
Front Matter

Keynote Address

A World Full of Computers: How Did That Happen?
James Cortada
1-12

Computerizing Public Sector Industries

Computerization of the Norwegian Land Register: An Early Example of Outsourcing and Still a Model for Good Practice
Bjørn Nagell
13-21
Controlling the Battlefield: Computing and Operational Command in the Swedish Armed Forces, 1966–1989
Johan Gribbe
22-27
The Use of Computers for Controlling Electricity Flows in Sweden, 1950–1980
Arne Kaijser
28-34
Operations Analysis Computing at FFI, 1970–1995
Norodd Hagenson
35-42
Re-engineering Norwegian Research Libraries, 1970–1980
Ingeborg Sølvberg
43-55
Instruments of Surveillance Welfare: Computerizing Unemployment and Health in 1960s and 1970s Sweden
Isabelle Dussauge, Julia Peralta
56-64
History of Electronic Prescriptions in Sweden: From Time-Sharing Systems via Smartcards to EDI
Gunnar Klein
65-73
Electronic Health Records in Sweden: From Administrative Management to Clinical Decision Support
Karin Kajbjer, Ragnar Nordberg, Gunnar Klein
74-82

Computerizing Management and Financial Industries

The Totally Integrated Management Information System in 1960s Sweden
Gustav Sjöblom
83-91
The History of the Swedish ATM: Sparfrämjandet and Metior
Björn Thodenius, Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo, Tobias Karlsson
92-100
Electronic Securities: The Introduction of an Electronic Registration and Settlement System for the Norwegian Securities Market
Jan Hellstrøm
101-107
How New Computing Technology Reformed the Audit Profession
Bjørn Jacobsen
108-116

Computerizing Art, Media, and Schools

History of Digital Dating: “Computer-Balls” and Digital Pairing in Finland from the 1960s to the Present
Jaakko Suominen
117-126
Collaborations between Engineers and Artists in the Making of Computer Art in Sweden, 1967–1986
Anna Orrghen
127-136
IBM’s Norwegian Grammar Project, 1988–1991
Jan Engh
137-149
Computer Courses in Finnish Schools, 1980–1995
Petri Saarikoski
150-158
Teacher Pioneers in the Introduction of Computing Technology in the Swedish Upper Secondary School
Lennart Rolandsson
159-167

Users and Systems Development

Computing on the Desktop: From Batch to Online in Two Large Danish Service Bureaus
Anker Jørgensen
168-175
UTOPIA: Participatory Design from Scandinavia to the World
Yngve Sundblad
176-186
Designing Democracy: The UTOPIA-Project and the Role of the Nordic Labor Movement in Technological Change during the 1970s and 1980s
Per Lundin
187-195

The Making of a Nordic Computing Industry

Early History of Computing in Denmark
Søren Østergaard
196-206
Making Business of a Revolutionary New Technology: The Eckert-Mauchly Company, 1945–1951
Lars Heide
207-214
IBM Manufacturing in the Nordic Countries
Petri Paju
215-227
The Presence of the IBM Branch Office in Iceland, 1967–1992
Sverrir Ólafsson
228-233
Personal Computers: A Gateway to Personal Computing
Kari Kotiranta
234-239
Norwegian Computer Technology: Founding a New Industry
Yngvar Lundh
240-248
The Founding, Fantastic Growth, and Fast Decline of Norsk Data AS
Tor Steine
249-257
The Norwegian National IT Plan, 1987–1990: Whence It Came, What It Was, and How It Ended
Arne Sølvberg
258-270

Nordic Networking

Before the Internet: Early Experiences of Computer Mediated Communication
Jacob Palme
271-277
The Baby Networks: Nordic Positions Before the Internet
Tomas Ohlin
278-286
Development of Internet Technology and Norwegian Participation
Yngvar Lundh
287-296
The Internet Development Process: Observations and Reflections
Pål Spilling
297-304

Nordic Software Development

The Use of Interpretation for Data Acquisition and Control: Its Impact on Software Development and Project Management
Otto Vinter
305-314
Computer Systems Performance Engineering in Trondheim: Origins and Development, 1970–1995
Peter Hughes
315-322
Provisioning of Highly Reliable Real-Time Systems
Harold Lawson, Kurt-Lennart Lundbäck
323-330
Information Modeling: Forty Years of Friendship
Stig Berild, Eva Lindencrona
331-338
Scandinavian Contributions to Object-Oriented Modeling Languages
Birger Møller-Pedersen
339-349

Nordic Research in Software and Systems Development

Dansk Datamatik Center
Dines Bjørner, Christian Gram, Ole Oest, Leif Rystrøm
350-359
SISU: The Swedish Institute for Systems Development
Janis Bubenko
360-367
Cloud Computing in the 1970s: The Discovery of Hash Based Relational Algebra
Kjell Bratbergsengen
368-374
The TEMPORA Approach: Information Systems Development Based on Explicit Business Rules with Time
Benkt Wangler
375-382
RAMATIC: A Case Shell Platform
Lars-Åke Johansson, Mats Gustafsson
383-389

Teaching at Nordic Universities

Computer Science Education at Helsinki University of Technology: The First Ten Years (1968–1978)
Hans Andersin, Reijo Sulonen, Markku Syrjänen
390-398
Provincial Designer Design: A Creative Mix of Hard Restrictions and Soft Visions of an Information Systems Educational Program
Darek Haftor, Stig Holmberg, Ulrica Löfstedt, Christina Nyström, Lena-Maria Öberg
399-408
Teaching Image Analysis at DIKU
Peter Johansen
409-415
Simula: Mother Tongue for a Generation of Nordic Programmers
Yngve Sundblad
416-424

New Historiographical Approaches and Methodological Reflections

Precursors of the IT Nation: Computer Use and Control in Swedish Society, 1955–1985
Isabelle Dussauge, Johan Gribbe, Arne Kaijser, Per Lundin, Julia Peralta, Gustav Sjöblom, Björn Thodenius
425-432
Text Mining and Qualitative Analysis of an IT History Interview Collection
Petri Paju, Eric Malmi, Timo Honkela
433-443
A Classification of Methods and Contributions in the Historiography of Nordic Computing
Henry Oinas-Kukkonen, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen, Veronika Sušová
444-452
Research Directions Profile in the Computing Museum of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Latvia (IMCS)
Rihards Balodis, Juris Borzovs, Inara Opmane, Andrejs Skuja, Evija Ziemele
453-461

Panel Discussion

What Can We Learn from the History of Nordic Computing?
Tomas Ohlin, Harold Lawson, Søren Østergaard, Ingeborg Sølvberg, Nina Wormbs
462-463

 


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