Performance Assessment of Tank Fluid Purging and Night Cooling as Overheating Prevention Techniques for Photovoltaic-Thermal (PV-T) Solar Water Heating Systems

Abstract : Tank fluid purging and night cooling are two overheating prevention techniques with potential to prevent photovoltaic-thermal collectors from experiencing temperatures capable of undermining their longevity and commercial appeal. Both techniques are readily available, inexpensive but inherently wasteful to use. Dynamic numerical simulations were conducted to determine the primary energy efficiency and the level of protection afforded by these techniques in active residential grid-connected solar domestic hot water systems. Also evaluated was the use of occupancy rate information, possible via so-called “smart systems”, to complement the techniques. The results revealed better performances for systems using stagnation control schemes relative to those not using them. Also, night cooling was shown to be unable to prevent overheating reliably while tank fluid purging proved to be more apt but resulted in substantial waste of water annually, which was slightly reduced by combining it with night cooling, which in turn proved to be the most energy efficient solution.
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Pedro Magalhães, João Martins, António Joyce. Performance Assessment of Tank Fluid Purging and Night Cooling as Overheating Prevention Techniques for Photovoltaic-Thermal (PV-T) Solar Water Heating Systems. 8th Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems (DoCEIS), May 2017, Costa de Caparica, Portugal. pp.337-347, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-56077-9_33⟩. ⟨hal-01629594⟩

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