Impact of Clustering Stability on the Improvement of Time Synchronization in VANETs

Abstract : Vehicular Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs) has been developed to be, as a part of the Internet of Vehicles (IoVs), one of the most promoting technologies in the near future. Extensive researches are focusing on developing appropriate solutions in order to provide better Quality of Services (QoS) to these latter. This paper deals with network performance improvement based on clustering mechanism to reduce the number of communications caused by the high frequency of arrival/departure of vehicles while maintaining relevant clock synchronization solutions adequately operating. Thus, we attempt to adopt certain known clustering algorithms to our previous solution of time synchronization in VANETs namely OTRB (Offsets Table Robust Broadcasting) in order to evaluate the impact of a hierarchical communication on time synchronization process. An analytical study with a comparison on the influence of the clustering mechanism is given. The comparison takes place using simulation software NS2 (Network Simulator 2) and VanetMobiSim (VANET Mobility Simulator). The performance parameters include the average of arrival/departure of nodes and the number of isolated nodes. Simulation results reveal that an appropriate method should reduce the overhead of re-clustering and lead to an efficient network coverage with the best time synchronization rate.
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Abdelmalek Amine; Malek Mouhoub; Otmane Ait Mohamed; Bachir Djebbar. 6th IFIP International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Its Applications (CIIA), May 2018, Oran, Algeria. Springer International Publishing, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, AICT-522, pp.472-483, 2018, Computational Intelligence and Its Applications. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-89743-1_41〉
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Khedidja Medani, Makhlouf Aliouat, Zibouda Aliouat. Impact of Clustering Stability on the Improvement of Time Synchronization in VANETs. Abdelmalek Amine; Malek Mouhoub; Otmane Ait Mohamed; Bachir Djebbar. 6th IFIP International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Its Applications (CIIA), May 2018, Oran, Algeria. Springer International Publishing, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, AICT-522, pp.472-483, 2018, Computational Intelligence and Its Applications. 〈10.1007/978-3-319-89743-1_41〉. 〈hal-01913919〉

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