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A Framework to Explain the Relation Between ICT and Development: Combining Affordances and the Capability Approach

Abstract : In this paper, we suggest a framework to better explain the relation between ICT and development. The framework combines two theories: The Capability Approach and Affordances. The capability approach defines development as freedom of choice; and the affordances explains the relational aspects of people and technology. These two theories complement each other by connecting the means (technology) to the ends (development). A case study of ICT and study-circle education in rural areas of Kenya is used to illustrate the framework. Using the framework, the study revealed how actualization of affordances of internet-cafe enhanced income capabilities of marginalized people; however, at the same time, shows perception and actualization of affordances were contingent on the availability of resources, skills, socio-cultural norms, and infrastructure.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 9, 2019 - 9:27:57 AM
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Mathias Hatakka, Øystein Sæbø, Devinder Thapa. A Framework to Explain the Relation Between ICT and Development: Combining Affordances and the Capability Approach. 15th International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries (ICT4D), May 2019, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. pp.60-71, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-19115-3_6⟩. ⟨hal-02281317⟩

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