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RTT-Based Congestion Control for the Internet of Things

Abstract : The design of scalable and reliable transport protocols for IoT environments is still an unsolved issue. A simple stop-and-wait congestion control method and a lightweight reliability mechanism are only implemented in CoAP, an application protocol that provides standardised RESTful services for IoT devices. Inspired by delay-based congestion control algorithms that have been proposed for the TCP, in this work we propose a rate control technique that leverages measurements of round-trip times (RTTs) to infer network state and to determine the flow rate that would prevent network congestion. Our key idea is that the growth of RTT variance, coupled with thresholds on CoAP message losses, is an effective way to detect the onset of network congestion. To validate our approach, we conduct a comparative performance analysis with the two loss-based congestion control methods of standard CoAP under different application scenarios. Results show that our solution outperforms the alternative methods, with a significant improvement of fairness and robustness against unacknowledged traffic.
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Emilio Ancillotti, Simone Bolettieri, Raffaele Bruno. RTT-Based Congestion Control for the Internet of Things. International Conference on Wired/Wireless Internet Communication (WWIC), Jun 2018, Boston, MA, United States. pp.3-15, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-02931-9_1⟩. ⟨hal-02269740⟩

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