Uniform Obfuscation for Location Privacy

Abstract : As location-based services emerge, many people feel exposed to high privacy threats. Privacy protection is a major challenge for such applications. A broadly used approach is perturbation, which adds an artificial noise to positions and returns an obfuscated measurement to the requester. Our main finding is that, unless the noise is chosen properly, these methods do not withstand attacks based on probabilistic analysis. In this paper, we define a strong adversary model that uses probability calculus to de-obfuscate the location measurements. Such a model has general applicability and can evaluate the resistance of a generic location-obfuscation technique. We then propose UniLO, an obfuscation operator which resists to such an adversary. We prove the resistance through formal analysis. We finally compare the resistance of UniLO with respect to other noise-based obfuscation operators.
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Conference papers
Nora Cuppens-Boulahia; Frédéric Cuppens; Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 26th Conference on Data and Applications Security and Privacy (DBSec), Jul 2012, Paris, France. Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS-7371, pp.90-105, 2012, Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXVI. 〈10.1007/978-3-642-31540-4_7〉
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Gianluca Dini, Pericle Perazzo. Uniform Obfuscation for Location Privacy. Nora Cuppens-Boulahia; Frédéric Cuppens; Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro. 26th Conference on Data and Applications Security and Privacy (DBSec), Jul 2012, Paris, France. Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS-7371, pp.90-105, 2012, Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXVI. 〈10.1007/978-3-642-31540-4_7〉. 〈hal-01534755〉

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