Outils pour l'analyse des courbes discrètes bruitées

Hayat Nasser 1
1 ADAGIO - Applying Discrete Algorithms to Genomics and Imagery
LORIA - ALGO - Department of Algorithms, Computation, Image and Geometry
Abstract : In this thesis, we are interested in the study of noisy discrete curves that correspond to the contours of objects in images. We have proposed several tools to analyze them. The dominant points (points whose curvature estimation is locally maximal) play a very important role in pattern recognition and we have developed a non-heuristic, fast and reliable method to detect them in a discrete curve. This method is an improvement of an existing method introduced by Nguyen et al. The new method consists in calculating a measure of angle. We have also proposed two approaches for polygonal simplification: an automatic method minimizing, and another fixing the vertex number of the resulting polygon. Then we proposed a new geometric tool, called adaptive tangential cover ATC, based on the detection of meaningful thickness introduced by Kerautret et al. These thicknesses are calculated at each point of the contours allow to locally estimate the noise level. In this context our construction algorithm of adaptive tangential cover takes into account the different levels of noise present in the curve to be studied and does not require a parameter. Two applications of ATC in image analysis are proposed: on the one hand the decomposition of the contours of a shape in an image into arcs and right segments and on the other hand, within the framework of a project with an Indian university about the sign language and recognition of hand gestures. Firstly, the method to decompose discrete curves into arcs and straight segments is based on two tools: dominant point detection using adaptive tangential cover and tangent space representation of the polygon issued from detected dominant points. The experiments demonstrate the robustness of the method w.r.t. noise. Secondly, from the outlines of the hands extracted from images taken by a Kinect, we propose several descriptors from the selected dominant points computed from the adaptive tangential cover. The proposed descriptors, which are a combination of statistical descriptors and geometrical descriptors, are effective and suitable for gesture recognition
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 6, 2018 - 3:06:07 PM
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Hayat Nasser. Outils pour l'analyse des courbes discrètes bruitées. Géométrie algorithmique [cs.CG]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0159⟩. ⟨tel-01947024⟩

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