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La focalisation comme critère d’analyse de synonymes

Abstract : We consider synonymy as a phenomenon involving simultaneously paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations between signs, and we consider synonyms as lexical units that can be substituted for each other within a given type of linguistic context. After a brief historical overview of approaches to synonymy, we put forward a hypothesis that semantic shades opposing synonyms may be described via an “attentional” criterion, rather than referential ones. As illustration, we analyze three French verbs: jouer, interpréter and incarner in the contexts “X plays the role of Y (in a film or play)”, showing that each verb focalizes a different aspect of the reference.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 26, 2018 - 7:17:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 1:32:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, January 27, 2019 - 6:31:10 PM

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Lidia Lebas-Fraczak. La focalisation comme critère d’analyse de synonymes. Orbis Linguarum, Wroclaw, 2018, En quête du sens, 50, pp.115-125. ⟨hal-01906524⟩

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