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NV-Tree: nearest neighbors at the billion scale

Herwig Lejsek 1, * Björn Þór Jónsson 2 Laurent Amsaleg 3 
* Corresponding author
3 TEXMEX - Multimedia content-based indexing
IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique
Abstract : This paper presents the NV-Tree (Nearest Vector Tree). It addresses the specific, yet important, problem of efficiently and effectively finding the approximate k-nearest neighbors within a collection of a few billion high-dimensional data points. The NV-Tree is a very compact index, as only six bytes are kept in the index for each high-dimensional descriptor. It thus scales extremely well when indexing large collections of high-dimensional descriptors. The NV-Tree efficiently produces results of good quality, even at such a large scale that the indices cannot be kept entirely in main memory any more. We demonstrate this with extensive experiments using a collection of 2.5 billion SIFT (Scale Invariant Feature Transform) descriptors.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 25, 2011 - 3:27:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 4:18:42 PM



Herwig Lejsek, Björn Þór Jónsson, Laurent Amsaleg. NV-Tree: nearest neighbors at the billion scale. 1st ACM International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, Apr 2011, Trento, Italy. ⟨10.1145/1991996.1992050⟩. ⟨hal-00644939⟩



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