Towards Efficient Live Migration of I/O Intensive Workloads: A Transparent Storage Transfer Proposal

Bogdan Nicolae 1, 2, * Franck Cappello 1, 2, 3
* Auteur correspondant
1 GRAND-LARGE - Global parallel and distributed computing
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8623, Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11, LIFL - Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale de Lille, LRI - Laboratoire de Recherche en Informatique
Abstract : Live migration of virtual machines (VMs) is key feature of virtualization that is extensively leveraged in IaaS cloud environments: it is the basic building block of several important features, such as load balancing, pro-active fault tolerance, power management, online maintenance, etc. While most live migration efforts concentrate on how to transfer the memory from source to destination during the migration process, comparatively little attention has been devoted to the transfer of storage. This problem is gaining increasing importance: due to performance reasons, virtual machines that run I/O intensive workloads tend to rely on local storage, which poses a difficult challenge on live migration: it needs to handle storage transfer in addition to memory transfer. This paper proposes a completely hypervisor-transparent approach that addresses this challenge. It relies on a hybrid active push-prioritized prefetch strategy, which makes it highly resilient to rapid changes of disk state exhibited by I/O intensive workloads. At the same time, transparency ensures a maximum of portability with a wide range of hypervisors. Large scale experiments that involve multiple simultaneous migrations of both synthetic benchmarks and a real scientific application show improvements of up to 10x faster migration time, 5x less bandwidth consumption and 62% less performance degradation over state-of-art.
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Rapport
[Research Report] 2011, pp.20
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Bogdan Nicolae, Franck Cappello. Towards Efficient Live Migration of I/O Intensive Workloads: A Transparent Storage Transfer Proposal. [Research Report] 2011, pp.20. 〈hal-00654418〉

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