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Competitive exclusion principle for SIS and SIR models with n strains

Abstract : We consider SIS and SIR models with standard mass action and varying population, with $n$ different pathogen strains of an infectious disease. We also consider the same models with vertical transmission. We prove that under generic conditions a competitive exclusion principle holds. To each strain a basic reproduction ratio can be associated. It corresponds to the case where only this strain exists. The basic reproduction ratio of the complete system is the maximum of each individual basic reproduction ratio. Actually we also define an equivalent threshold for each strain. The winner of the competition is the strain with the maximum threshold. It turns out that this strain is the most virulent, i.e., this is the strain for which the endemic equilibrium gives the minimum population for the susceptible host population. This can be interpreted as a pessimization principle.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 8, 2012 - 10:32:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 5:32:43 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, November 26, 2012 - 10:30:09 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00677609, version 1

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Derdei Bichara, Abderrahman Iggidr, Gauthier Sallet. Competitive exclusion principle for SIS and SIR models with n strains. [Research Report] RR-7902, INRIA. 2012, pp.15. ⟨hal-00677609⟩

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