Quality of Real-Time Streaming in Wireless Cellular Networks - Stochastic Modeling and Analysis

Bartlomiej Blaszczyszyn 1 Miodrag Jovanovic 2 Mohamed Kadhem Karray 2
1 DYOGENE - Dynamics of Geometric Networks
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8548, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, DI-ENS - Département d'informatique de l'École normale supérieure
Abstract : We present a new stochastic service model with capacity sharing and interruptions, appropriate for the evaluation of the quality of real-time streaming (RTS), like e.g. mobile TV, in wireless cellular networks. The general model takes into account multi-class Markovian process of call arrivals, (to capture different radio channel conditions, requested streaming bit-rates and durations) and allows for a general resource allocation policy saying which users are temporarily denied the requested fixed streaming bit-rates (put in outage) due to resource constraints. We give expressions for several important performance characteristics of the model, including mean time spent in outage and mean number of outage incidents for a typical user of a given class. These expressions involve only stationary probabilities of the (free) traffic demand process, which is a vector of independent Poisson random variables describing the number of users of different classes. In order to analyze RTS in 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) cellular networks, we specify our general model assuming orthogonal user channels with the peak bit-rates close to the theoretical Shannon's bound in the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel, which leads to the resource constraints in a multi-rate linear form. In this setting we consider a natural class of least-effort-served-first resource allocation policies, for which the characteristics of the model can be further evaluated using Fourier analysis of Poisson variables. Within this class we identify and evaluate an optimal and a fair policy, the latter being suggested by LTE implementations. We also propose some intermediate policies, which allow to solve the optimality/fairness tradeoff caused by unequal user radio-channel conditions. Our results can be used for the evaluation of the quality of RTS in LTE networks and dimensioning of these networks.
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Bartlomiej Blaszczyszyn, Miodrag Jovanovic, Mohamed Kadhem Karray. Quality of Real-Time Streaming in Wireless Cellular Networks - Stochastic Modeling and Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014, 13 (6), pp.3124 - 3136. ⟨10.1109/TWC.2014.042414.131371⟩. ⟨hal-00711571v4⟩

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