Abstract : XML transformations can be resource-costly in particular when applied to very large XML documents and document sets. Those transformations usually involve lots of XPath queries and may not need to be entirely re-executed following an update of the input document. In this context, a given query is said to be independent of a given update if, for any XML document, the results of the query are not affected by the update. We revisit Benedikt and Cheney's framework for query-update independence analysis and show that performance can be drastically enhanced, contradicting his initial claims. The essence of our approach and results resides in the use of an appropriate logic, to which queries and updates are both succinctly translated. Compared to previous approaches, ours is more expressive from a theoretical point of view, equally accurate, and more efficient in practice. We illustrate this through practical experiments and comparative figures.