Space Variant Blind Image Restoration

Saima Ben Hadj 1 Laure Blanc-Féraud 1 Gilles Aubert 2
1 MORPHEME - Morphologie et Images
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , IBV - Institut de Biologie Valrose : U1091, Laboratoire I3S - SIS - Signal, Images et Systèmes
Abstract : In this report, we are interested in blind restoration of optical images that are degraded by a space-variant (SV) blur and corrupted with Poisson noise. For example, blur variation is due to refractive index mismatch in three dimensional fluorescence microscopy or due to atmospheric turbulence in astrophysical images. In our work, the SV Point Spread Function (PSF) is approximated by a convex combination of a set of space-invariant (SI) blurring functions. The problem is thus reduced to the estimation of the set of SI PSFs and the true image. For that, we rely on a Joint Maximum A Posteriori (JMAP) approach where the image and the PSFs are jointly estimated by minimizing a given criterion including l1 and l2 norms for regularizing the image and the PSFs. Our contribution is to provide a functional for the SV blind restoration problem allowing to simultaneously estimate the PSFs and the image. We show the existence of a minimizer of such a functional in the continuous setting. We describe an algorithm based on an alternate minimization scheme using a fast scaled gradient projection (SGP) algorithm. The efficiency of the proposed method is shown on simulated and real images.
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Saima Ben Hadj, Laure Blanc-Féraud, Gilles Aubert. Space Variant Blind Image Restoration. [Research Report] RR-8073, INRIA. 2012, pp.49. ⟨hal-00735135v2⟩

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