Approximation algorithms for energy, reliability and makespan optimization problems

Guillaume Aupy 1, 2, * Anne Benoit 1, 2, *
* Corresponding author
2 ROMA - Optimisation des ressources : modèles, algorithmes et ordonnancement
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LIP - Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme
Abstract : In this paper, we consider the problem of scheduling an application on a parallel computational platform. The application is a particular task graph, either a linear chain of tasks, or a set of independent tasks. The platform is made of identical processors, whose speed can be dynamically modified. It is also subject to failures: if a processor is slowed down to decrease the energy consumption, it has a higher chance to fail. Therefore, the scheduling problem requires to re-execute or replicate tasks (i.e., execute twice a same task, either on the same processor, or on two distinct processors), in order to increase the reliability. It is a tri-criteria problem: the goal is to minimize the energy consumption, while enforcing a bound on the total execution time (the makespan), and a constraint on the reliability of each task. Our main contribution is to propose approximation algorithms for these particular classes of task graphs. For linear chains, we design a fully polynomial time approximation scheme. However, we show that there exists no constant factor approximation algorithm for independent tasks, unless P=NP, and we are able in this case to propose an approximation algorithm with a relaxation on the makespan constraint.
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Guillaume Aupy, Anne Benoit. Approximation algorithms for energy, reliability and makespan optimization problems. [Research Report] RR-8107, INRIA. 2014, pp.32. ⟨hal-00742754v2⟩

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