One-dimensional Particle Processes with Acceleration/Braking Asymmetry

Cyril Furtlehner 1 Jean-Marc Lasgouttes 2 Maxim Samsonov 1
1 TAO - Machine Learning and Optimisation
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8623, Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11, LRI - Laboratoire de Recherche en Informatique
Abstract : The slow-to-start mechanism is known to play an important role in the particular shape of the Fundamental Diagram of traffic and to be associated to hysteresis effects of traffic flow. We study this question in the context of exclusion and queueing processes, by including an asymmetry between deceleration and acceleration in the formulation of these processes. For exclusions processes, this corresponds to a multi-class process with transition asymmetry between different speed levels, while for queueing processes we consider non-reversible stochastic dependency of the service rate w.r.t.\ the number of clients. The relationship between these 2 families of models is analyzed on the ring geometry, along with their steady state properties. Spatial condensation phenomena and metastability are observed, depending on the level of the aforementioned asymmetry. In addition, we provide a large deviation formulation of the fundamental diagram which includes the level of fluctuations, in the canonical ensemble when the stationary state is expressed as a product form of such generalized queues.
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Cyril Furtlehner, Jean-Marc Lasgouttes, Maxim Samsonov. One-dimensional Particle Processes with Acceleration/Braking Asymmetry. Journal of Statistical Physics, Springer Verlag, 2012, 147 (6), pp.1113-1144. ⟨10.1007/s10955-012-0521-y⟩. ⟨hal-00743369⟩

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