Etoposide pharmacokinetics and survival in patients with small cell lung cancer: a multicentre study.

Abstract : PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic value of systemic exposure to etoposide (Area Under the concentration Curve (AUC(VP16))) on overall survival (OS) in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 52 patients with limited stage (n=17) or metastatic (n=35) SCLC were analysed. They received at least two courses of etoposide (120mg/(m(2)day) on 3 days) combined with either doxorubicin-ifosfamide (AVI, n=29) or platinum compounds (carboplatin: n=16; cisplatin: n=7). Population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) study was performed using NON-linear Mixed Effect Model (NONMEM) and Splus software with univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Etoposide plasma concentration vs. time was described by a two compartment model. Etoposide clearance (CL) was significantly dependant on serum creatinine (Scr). Ifosfamide (IFO) coadministration increased etoposide clearance by 28% (median CL(VP16): 2.42L/h vs. 1.89L/h, p<0.0005) leading to a reduced systemic exposure (median AUC(VP16): 260mgh/L vs. 339mgh/L). No influence of body surface area (BSA) on CL(VP16) was observed. Median percent decrease of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) after the first chemotherapy course was greater when etoposide 24h concentration was above 0.33mg/L (88% vs. 0%, p=0.028). Median OS was significantly longer in patients treated without ifosfamide (11.0 months vs. 7.0 months, p=0.049) and in patients with CL(VP16)<2.22L/h (14 months vs. 7 months, p=0.013) and AUC(VP16)>254.8mgh/L (11 months vs. 7 months, p=0.048). The independent prognostic factors regarding OS were LDH, CL(VP16) and AUC(VP16). CONCLUSION: In this study it was found that CL(VP16) is reduced in patients with elevated serum creatinine, whilst ifosfamide coadministration increases CL(VP16) and reduces AUC(VP16), demonstrating the interaction between VP16 and ifosfamide. CL(VP16) and AUC(VP16) correlate significantly with overall survival of patients with SCLC patients receiving etoposide regimens.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2012 - 7:28:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 2:09:52 AM

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Benoit You, Brigitte Tranchand, Pascal Girard, Claire Falandry, Benjamin Ribba, et al.. Etoposide pharmacokinetics and survival in patients with small cell lung cancer: a multicentre study.. Lung Cancer, Elsevier, 2008, 62 (2), pp.261-72. ⟨10.1016/j.lungcan.2008.03.008⟩. ⟨hal-00756361⟩

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