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On optimal and balanced sparse matrix partitioning problems

Anael Grandjean 1 Johannes Langguth 1, 2 Bora Uçar 1, 2 
Abstract : We investigate one dimensional partitioning of sparse matrices under a given ordering of the rows/columns. The partitioning constraint is to have load balance across processors when different parts are assigned to different processors. The load is defined as the number of rows, or columns, or the nonzeros assigned to a processor. The partitioning objective is to optimize different functions, including the well-known total communication volume arising in a distributed memory implementation of parallel sparse matrix-vector multiplication operations. The difference between our problem in this work and the general sparse matrix partitioning problem is that the parts should correspond to disjoint intervals of the given order. Whereas the partitioning problem without the interval constraint corresponds to the NP-complete hyper graph partitioning problem, the restricted problem corresponds to a polynomial-time solvable variant of the hyper graph partitioning problem. We adapt an existing dynamic programming algorithm designed for graphs to solve two related partitioning problems in graphs. We then propose graph models for a given hyper graph and a partitioning objective function so that the standard cut size definition in the graph model exactly corresponds to the hyper graph partitioning objective function. In extensive experiments, we show that our proposed algorithm is helpful in practice. It even demonstrates performance superior to the standard hyper graph partitioners when the number of parts is high.
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Anael Grandjean, Johannes Langguth, Bora Uçar. On optimal and balanced sparse matrix partitioning problems. 2012 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, Sep 2012, Beijing, China. pp.257--265, ⟨10.1109/CLUSTER.2012.77⟩. ⟨hal-00763535⟩



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