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A modular numerical method for implicit 0D/3D coupling in cardiovascular finite element simulations

Abstract : Implementation of boundary conditions in cardiovascular simulations poses numerical challenges due to the complex dynamic behavior of the circulatory system. The use of elaborate closed-loop lumped parameter network (LPN) models of the heart and the circulatory system as boundary conditions for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations can provide valuable global dynamic information, particularly for patient specific simulations. In this paper, the necessary formulation for coupling an arbitrary LPN to a finite element Navier–Stokes solver is presented. A circuit analogy closed-loop LPN is solved numerically, and pressure and flow information is iteratively passed between the 0D and 3D domains at interface boundaries, resulting in a time-implicit scheme. For Neumann boundaries, an implicit method, regardless of the LPN, is presented to achieve the desired stability and convergence properties. Numerical procedures for passing flow and pressure information between the 0D and 3D domains are described, and implicit, semi-implicit, and explicit quasi-Newton formulations are compared. The issue of divergence in the presence of backflow is addressed via a stabilized boundary formulation. The requirements for coupling Dirichlet boundary conditions are also discussed and this approach is compared in detail to that of the Neumann coupled boundaries. Having the option to select between Dirichlet and Neumann coupled boundary conditions increases the flexibility of current framework by allowing a wide range of components to be used at the 3D-0D interface.
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Contributor : Irene Vignon-Clementel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, December 16, 2012 - 11:27:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 2, 2022 - 11:52:04 AM



Mahdi Esmaily Moghadam, Irene Vignon-Clementel, Richard S. Figliola, Alison L. Marsden. A modular numerical method for implicit 0D/3D coupling in cardiovascular finite element simulations. Journal of Computational Physics, 2013, 244, pp.63-79. ⟨10.1016/⟩. ⟨hal-00765816⟩



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