Globally nilpotent differential operators and the square Ising model

Abstract : We recall various multiple integrals related to the isotropic square Ising model, and corresponding, respectively, to the n-particle contributions of the magnetic susceptibility, to the (lattice) form factors, to the two-point correlation functions and to their lambda-extensions. These integrals are holonomic and even G-functions: they satisfy Fuchsian linear differential equations with polynomial coefficients and have some arithmetic properties. We recall the explicit forms, found in previous work, of these Fuchsian equations. These differential operators are very selected Fuchsian linear differential operators, and their remarkable properties have a deep geometrical origin: they are all globally nilpotent, or, sometimes, even have zero p-curvature. Focusing on the factorised parts of all these operators, we find out that the global nilpotence of the factors corresponds to a set of selected structures of algebraic geometry: elliptic curves, modular curves, and even a remarkable weight-1 modular form emerging in the three-particle contribution $ \chi^{(3)}$ of the magnetic susceptibility of the square Ising model. In the case where we do not have G-functions, but Hamburger functions (one irregular singularity at 0 or $ \infty$) that correspond to the confluence of singularities in the scaling limit, the p-curvature is also found to verify new structures associated with simple deformations of the nilpotent property.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
55 pages. 2008
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Contributeur : Alin Bostan <>
Soumis le : mercredi 23 janvier 2013 - 22:11:11
Dernière modification le : jeudi 21 mars 2019 - 13:13:23

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  • HAL Id : hal-00780427, version 1
  • ARXIV : 0812.4931


A. Bostan, S. Boukraa, S. Hassani, J. -M. Maillard, J. -A. Weil, et al.. Globally nilpotent differential operators and the square Ising model. 55 pages. 2008. 〈hal-00780427〉



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