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Optimal Design of Low-contrast Two-phase Structures For the Wave Equation

Grégoire Allaire 1 Alex Kelly 2
1 DeFI - Shape reconstruction and identification
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, CMAP - Centre de Mathématiques Appliquées - Ecole Polytechnique
Abstract : This paper is concerned with the following optimal design problem:¯nd the distribution of two phases in a given domain that minimizes an objective function evaluated through the solution of a wave equation. This type of optimization problem is known to be ill-posed in the sense that it generically does not admit a minimizer among classical admissible designs. Its relaxation could be found, in principle, through homogenization theory but, unfortunately, it is not always explicit, in particular for objective functions depending on the solution gradient. To circumvent this di±culty, we make the simplifying assumption that the two phases have a low constrast. Then, a second-order asymptotic expansion with respect to the small amplitude of the phase coe±cients yields a simpli¯ed optimal design problem which is amenable to relaxation by means of H-measures. We prove a general existence theorem in a larger class of composite materials and propose a numerical algorithm to compute minimizers in this context. As in the case of an elliptic state equation, the optimal composites are shown to be rank-one laminates. However, the proof that relaxation and small-amplitude limit commute is more delicate than in the elliptic case.
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Grégoire Allaire, Alex Kelly. Optimal Design of Low-contrast Two-phase Structures For the Wave Equation. Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, World Scientific Publishing, 2011, 21 (7), pp.1499--1538. ⟨10.1142/S0218202511005477⟩. ⟨hal-00784049⟩

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