Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Adaptation in a stochastic multi-resources chemostat model

Nicolas Champagnat 1, 2 Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin 3 Sylvie Méléard 4
1 TOSCA - TO Simulate and CAlibrate stochastic models
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , IECL - Institut Élie Cartan de Lorraine : UMR7502
3 Dpt of Mathematics
CSCAMM - Center for Scientific Computation and Mathematical Modeling
Abstract : We are interested in modeling the Darwinian evolution resulting from the interplay of phenotypic variation and natural selection through ecological interactions, in the specific scales of the biological framework of adaptive dynamics. Adaptive dynamics so far has been put on a rigorous footing only for direct competition models (Lotka-Volterra models) involving a competition kernel which describes the competition pressure from one individual to another one. We extend this to a multi-resources chemostat model, where the competition between individuals results from the sharing of several resources which have their own dynamics. Starting from a stochastic birth and death process model, we prove that, when advantageous mutations are rare, the population behaves on the mutational time scale as a jump process moving between equilibrium states (the polymorphic evolution sequence of the adaptive dynamics literature). An essential technical ingredient is the study of the long time behavior of a chemostat multi-resources dynamical system. In the small mutational steps limit this process in turn gives rise to a differential equation in phenotype space called canonical equation of adaptive dynamics. From this canonical equation and still assuming small mutation steps, we prove a rigorous characterization of the evolutionary branching points.
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [25 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00784166
Contributor : Nicolas Champagnat <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 9, 2016 - 5:55:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 2:32:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, November 13, 2016 - 1:23:42 PM

File

ressources28062013.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Citation

Nicolas Champagnat, Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin, Sylvie Méléard. Adaptation in a stochastic multi-resources chemostat model. Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées, Elsevier, 2014, 101 (6), pp.755-788. ⟨10.1016/j.matpur.2013.10.003⟩. ⟨hal-00784166v2⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1577

Files downloads

659