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Journal Articles Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing Year : 2005

Optimizing the Steady-State Throughput of Scatter and Reduce Operations on Heterogeneous Platforms

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Abstract

In this paper, we consider the communications involved by the execution of a complex application, deployed on a heterogeneous large-scale distributed platform. Such applications intensively use collective macro-communication schemes, such as scatters, personalized all-to-alls or gather/reduce operations. Rather than aiming at minimizing the execution time of a single macro-communication, we focus on the steady-state operation. We assume that there is a large number of macro-communications to perform in pipeline fashion, and we aim at maximizing the throughput, i.e., the (rational) number of macro-communications which can be initiated every time-step. We target heterogeneous platforms, modeled by a graph where resources have different communication and computation speeds. The situation is simpler for series of scatters or personalized all-to-alls than for series of reduces operations, because of the possibility of combining various partial reductions of the local values, and of interleaving computations with communications. In all cases, we show how to determine the optimal throughput, and how to exhibit a concrete periodic schedule that achieves this throughput.

Dates and versions

hal-00789425 , version 1 (18-02-2013)

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Arnaud Legrand, Loris Marchal, Yves Robert. Optimizing the Steady-State Throughput of Scatter and Reduce Operations on Heterogeneous Platforms. Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 2005, 65, pp.1497―1514. ⟨10.1016/j.jpdc.2005.05.021⟩. ⟨hal-00789425⟩
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