CSF tau markers are correlated with hippocampal volume in Alzheimer's disease

Abstract : Hippocampal atrophy as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are supportive features for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and are assumed to be indirect pathological markers of the disease. In AD patients, antemortem MRI hippocampal volumes (HVs) correlate with the density of neurofibrillary tangles (but not with senile plaques) at autopsy suggesting that HVs may better correlate with CSF tau and hyperphosphorylated tau (P-tau) levels than CSF amyloid beta protein (Aβ)(42) level. Here, we tested this hypothesis in a well-defined AD group. Patients were selected according to the New Research Criteria for AD, including specific episodic memory deficit and CSF AD profile (defined as abnormal ratio of Aβ(42):tau). MRI was performed within 6 months of lumbar puncture. HVs were obtained using automated segmentation software. Thirty-six patients were included. Left HV correlated with CSF tau (R = -0.53) and P-tau (R = -0.56) levels. Mean HVs correlated with the CSF P-tau level (R = -0.52). No correlation was found between any brain measurement and CSF Aβ(42) level. The CSF tau and P-tau levels, but not the CSF Aβ(42) level, correlated with HV, suggesting that CSF tau markers reflect the neuronal loss associated with the physiopathological process of AD.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 28, 2013 - 7:08:17 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 21, 2019 - 12:25:10 PM

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Leonardo C de Souza, Marie Chupin, Foudil Lamari, Claude Jardel, Delphine Leclercq, et al.. CSF tau markers are correlated with hippocampal volume in Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of Aging, Elsevier, 2012, 33 (7), pp.1253-7. ⟨10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.02.022⟩. ⟨hal-00795742⟩

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