Use of new synthetic talc as reinforcing nanofillers for polypropylene and polyamide 6 systems: thermal and mechanical properties.

Abstract : New layered synthetic nanotalc prepared at a lab-scale by a conventional hydrothermal process and commercial natural fine talc were used in order to establish a comparative study in terms of their contributions on the improvement of the final properties of two different polymers: a nonpolar polyolefin matrix and a polyamide. All samples were prepared by melt extrusion in a co-rotating micro compounder. The surface properties of talc -surface energy and isoelectric point- were probed. The particles crystalline structure and the distribution/dispersion within the polymer matrix were performed using transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The effect of talc particles on the cristallinity, the thermal and mechanical properties was highlighted as a function of the surface properties of talc. In the case of talc filled PP systems, it seems that the incorporation of both natural and synthetic talc greatly improves the thermal stability of polypropylene matrix. The highest elastic modulus was obtained in presence of highly nucleating natural talc. Oppositely the best ductility was observed for the synthetic talc filled PP systems. For PA6/talc nanocomposites, a remarkable improvement in the dispersion of talc layers was shown and a significant increase in Young's modulus was determined due to the closer affinity between the hydrophilic nanotalc lamellae and the polar PA6 matrix.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00820409
Contributeur : Mohamed Yousfi <>
Soumis le : samedi 4 mai 2013 - 17:15:42
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 février 2018 - 15:20:27

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M. Yousfi, Sébastien Livi, Angela Dumas, Christophe Le Roux, Jérôme Crépin-Leblond, et al.. Use of new synthetic talc as reinforcing nanofillers for polypropylene and polyamide 6 systems: thermal and mechanical properties.. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2013, 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021979713003652〉. 〈10.1016/j.jcis.2013.04.019〉. 〈hal-00820409〉

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