Beacon-less mobility assisted energy efficient georouting in energy harvesting actuator and sensor networks

Abstract : In the next years, wireless sensor networks are expected to be more and more widely deployed. In order to increase their performance without increasing nodes' density, a solution is to add some actuators that have the ability to move. However, even actuators rely on batter- ies that are not expected to be replaced. In this paper, we introduce MEGAN (Mobility assisted Energy e cient Georouting in energy har- vesting Actuator and sensor Networks), a beacon-less protocol that uses controlled mobility, and takes account of the energy consumption and the energy harvesting to select next hop. MEGAN aims at prolonging the overall network lifetime rather than reducing the energy consump- tion over a single path. When node s needs to send a message to the sink d, it rst computes the \ideal" position of the forwarder node based on available and needed energy, and then broadcasts this data. Every node within the transmission range of s in the forward direction toward d will start a backo timer. The backo time is based on its available energy and on its distance from the ideal position. The rst node whose backo timer goes o is the forwarder node. This node informs its neighbor- hood and then moves toward the ideal position. If, on its route, it nds a good spot for energy harvesting, it will actually stop its movement and forward the original message by using MEGAN, which will run on all the intermediate nodes until the destination is reached. Simulations show that MEGAN reduces energy consumption up to 50% compared to algorithms where mobility and harvesting capabilities are not exploited.
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Conference papers
The 12th International Conference on Ad Hoc Networks and Wireless (ADHOC-NOW), Jul 2013, Wroclaw, Poland. 2013
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00828516
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Last modification on : Saturday, April 16, 2016 - 6:34:26 PM
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Nathalie Mitton, Enrico Natalizio, Riaan Wolhuter. Beacon-less mobility assisted energy efficient georouting in energy harvesting actuator and sensor networks. The 12th International Conference on Ad Hoc Networks and Wireless (ADHOC-NOW), Jul 2013, Wroclaw, Poland. 2013. <hal-00828516>

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