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Analyzing perturbations in phyllotaxis of Arabidopsis thaliana

yassin Refahi 1, 2 yann Guédon 1, 2 Fabrice Besnard 3 Etienne Farcot 1, 2 Christophe Godin 1, 2 Teva Vernoux 3 
2 VIRTUAL PLANTS - Modeling plant morphogenesis at different scales, from genes to phenotype
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR AGAP - Amélioration génétique et adaptation des plantes méditerranéennes et tropicales
Abstract : Vascular plants produce new organs at the tip of the stem in a very organized fashion. This patterning process occurs in small groups of stem cells, the so-called shoot apical meristems (SAM), and generates regular patterns called phyllotaxis. The phyllotaxis of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana follows a Fibonacci spiral, the most frequent phyllotactic pattern found in nature. In this phyllotactic mode, single organs are initiated successively at a divergence angle from the previous organ close to 137.5°, the golden angle. Cytokinins, a class of plant hormones, is involved in the control of phyllotaxis but its role has remained elusive (Vernoux et al., 2010). By analyzing the expression of several cytokinin signaling regulators in the meristem, we found that the pseudo-phosphotransfer protein AHP6 is expressed specifically during early organogenesis (unpublished results). AHP6 has been demonstrated to act as an inhibitor of cytokinin signaling (Mahonen et al., 2006) and we further observed a destabilization of phyllotaxis in ahp6 null mutant. To understand how AHP6 acts in the control of Arabidopsis phyllotaxis, we analyzed sequences of divergence angles in both wild-type and ahp6 mutant plants. We thus measured the divergence angle between successive flowers on a stem from the base (older flowers) to the top (younger flowers).
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yassin Refahi, yann Guédon, Fabrice Besnard, Etienne Farcot, Christophe Godin, et al.. Analyzing perturbations in phyllotaxis of Arabidopsis thaliana. 6th International Workshop on Functional-Structural Plant Models, 2010, Davis, CA, United States. pp.185-187. ⟨hal-00831773⟩

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