Diffusion Curves: A Vector Representation for Smooth-Shaded Images

Alexandrina Orzan 1 Adrien Bousseau 2 Pascal Barla 3, 4, 5 Holger Winnemöller 6 Joëlle Thollot 7 David Salesin 6
2 REVES - Rendering and virtual environments with sound
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
5 MANAO - Melting the frontiers between Light, Shape and Matter
LaBRI - Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, LP2N - Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences
7 MAVERICK - Models and Algorithms for Visualization and Rendering
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble
Abstract : We describe a new vector-based primitive for creating smooth-shaded images, called the diffusion curve. A diffusion curve partitions the space through which it is drawn, defining different colors on either side. These colors may vary smoothly along the curve. In addition, the sharpness of the color transition from one side of the curve to the other can be controlled. Given a set of diffusion curves, the final image is constructed by solving a Poisson equation whose constraints are specified by the set of gradients across all diffusion curves. Like all vector-based primitives, diffusion curves conveniently support a variety of operations, including geometry-based editing, keyframe animation, and ready stylization. Moreover, their representation is compact and inherently resolution independent. We describe a GPU-based implementation for rendering images defined by a set of diffusion curves in real time. We then demonstrate an interactive drawing system for allowing artists to create artworks using diffusion curves, either by drawing the curves in a freehand style, or by tracing existing imagery. Furthermore, we describe a completely automatic conversion process for taking an image and turning it into a set of diffusion curves that closely approximate the original image content.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 4, 2013 - 4:04:07 PM
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Alexandrina Orzan, Adrien Bousseau, Pascal Barla, Holger Winnemöller, Joëlle Thollot, et al.. Diffusion Curves: A Vector Representation for Smooth-Shaded Images. Communications of the ACM, ACM, 2013, 56 (7), pp.101-108. ⟨10.1145/2483852.2483873⟩. ⟨hal-00840848⟩

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