Illusions in the Ring Model of visual orientation selectivity

Romain Veltz 1 Olivier Faugeras 1
1 NEUROMATHCOMP
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRIA Rocquencourt, ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris, UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8548
Abstract : The Ring Model of orientation tuning is a dynamical model of a hypercolumn of visual area V1 in the human neocortex that has been designed to account for the experimentally observed orientation tuning curves by local, i.e., cortico-cortical computations. The tuning curves are stationary, i.e. time independent, solutions of this dynamical model. One important assumption underlying the Ring Model is that the LGN input to V1 is weakly tuned to the retinal orientation and that it is the local computations in V1 that sharpen this tuning. Because the equations that describe the Ring Model have built-in equivariance properties in the synaptic weight distribution with respect to a particular group acting on the retinal orientation of the stimulus, the model in effect encodes an infinite number of tuning curves that are arbitrarily translated with respect to each other. By using the Orbit Space Reduction technique we rewrite the model equations in canonical form as functions of polynomials that are invariant with respect to the action of this group. This allows us to combine equivariant bifurcation theory with an efficient numerical continuation method in order to compute the tuning curves predicted by the Ring Model. Surprisingly some of these tuning curves are not tuned to the stimulus. We interpret them as neural illusions and show numerically how they can be induced by simple dynamical stimuli. These neural illusions are important biological predictions of the model. If they could be observed experimentally this would be a strong point in favour of the Ring Model. We also show how our theoretical analysis allows to very simply specify the ranges of the model parameters by comparing the model predictions with published experimental observations.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00846138
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 18, 2013 - 3:55:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 2:28:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00846138, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1007.2493

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Romain Veltz, Olivier Faugeras. Illusions in the Ring Model of visual orientation selectivity. 2010. ⟨hal-00846138⟩

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