On the simulation of nonlinear bidimensional spiking neuron models

Jonathan Touboul 1
1 NEUROMATHCOMP
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRIA Rocquencourt, ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris, UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8548
Abstract : Bidimensional spiking models currently gather a lot of attention for their simplicity and their ability to reproduce various spiking patterns of cortical neurons, and are particularly used for large network simulations. These models describe the dynamics of the membrane potential by a nonlinear differential equation that blows up in finite time, coupled to a second equation for adaptation. Spikes are emitted when the membrane potential blows up or reaches a cutoff value. The precise simulation of the spike times and of the adaptation variable is critical for it governs the spike pattern produced, and is hard to compute accurately because of the exploding nature of the system at the spike times. We thoroughly study the precision of fixed time-step integration schemes for this type of models and demonstrate that these methods produce systematic errors that are unbounded, as the cutoff value is increased, in the evaluation of the two crucial quantities: the spike time and the value of the adaptation variable at this time. Precise evaluation of these quantities therefore involve very small time steps and long simulation times. In order to achieve a fixed absolute precision in a reasonable computational time, we propose here a new algorithm to simulate these systems based on a variable integration step method that either integrates the original ordinary differential equation or the equation of the orbits in the phase plane, and compare this algorithm with fixed time-step Euler scheme and other more accurate simulation algorithms.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00846149
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 18, 2013 - 4:03:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 26, 2018 - 10:28:51 AM

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Jonathan Touboul. On the simulation of nonlinear bidimensional spiking neuron models. Neural Computation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press (MIT Press), 2011, 23 (7), pp.1704-1742. ⟨10.1162/NECO_a_00141⟩. ⟨hal-00846149⟩

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