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Influence of Intrapredatory Interferences on Impulsive Biological Control Efficiency

Sapna Nundloll 1 Ludovic Mailleret 1, 2 Frédéric Grognard 1 
1 COMORE - Modeling and control of renewable resources
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : In this paper, a model is proposed for the biological control of a pest by its natural predator. The model incorporates a qualitative description of intrapredatory interference whereby predator density decreases the per capita predation efficiency and generalises the classical Beddington-DeAngelis formulation. A pair of coupled ordinary differential equations are used, augmented by a discrete component to depict the periodic release of a fixed number of predators into the system. This number is defined in terms of the rate of predator release and the frequency at which the releases are to be carried out. This formulation allows us to compare different biological control strategies in terms of release size and frequency that involve the same overall number of predators. The stability properties of the zero-pest solution are analysed. We obtain an upper bound on the interference strength (the biological condition) and a minimal bound on the predator release rate (the managerial condition) required to eradicate a pest population. We demonstrate that increasing the frequency of releases reduces this minimal rate and also increases the rate of convergence of the system to the zero-pest solution for a given release rate. Additionally, we show that other conclusions are to be expected if the interferences between predators have weaker or stronger effects than the generalised Beddington-DeAngelis formulation proposed in this paper.
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Sapna Nundloll, Ludovic Mailleret, Frédéric Grognard. Influence of Intrapredatory Interferences on Impulsive Biological Control Efficiency. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, Springer Verlag, 2010, 72 (8), pp.2113-2138. ⟨10.1007/s11538-010-9531-6⟩. ⟨hal-00847302⟩

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