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From elaborate to compact seasonal plant epidemic models and back: is competitive exclusion in the details?

Abstract : Seasonality, or periodic host absence, is a central feature in plant epidemiology. In this respect, seasonal plant epidemic models take into account the way the parasite overwinters and generates new infections. These are termed primary infections. In the literature, one finds two classes of models: high-dimensional elaborate models and low-dimensional compact models, where primary infection dynamics are explicit and implicit, respectively. Investigating a compact model allowed previous authors to show the existence of a competitive exclusion principle. However, the way compact models derive from elaborate models has not been made explicit yet. This makes it unclear whether results such as competitive exclusion extend to elaborate models as well. Here, we show that assuming primary infection dynamics are fast in a standard elaborate model translates into a compact form. Yet, it is not that usually found in the literature. Moreover, we numerically show that coexistence is possible in this original compact form. Reversing the question, we show that the usual compact form approximates an alternate elaborate model, which differs from the earlier one in that primary infection dynamics are density dependent. We discuss to which extent these results shed light on coexistence within soil- and air-borne plant parasites, such as within the take-all disease of wheat and the grapevine powdery mildew cryptic species complexes, respectively.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 11, 2014 - 11:01:54 AM
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Ludovic Mailleret, Magda Castel, Josselin Montarry, Frédéric Hamelin. From elaborate to compact seasonal plant epidemic models and back: is competitive exclusion in the details?. Theoretical Ecology, Springer 2012, 5 (3), pp.311 - 324. ⟨10.1007/s12080-011-0126-0⟩. ⟨hal-01004161⟩



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