Fluid flow dynamics under location uncertainty

Etienne Mémin 1
1 FLUMINANCE - Fluid Flow Analysis, Description and Control from Image Sequences
IRSTEA - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique
Abstract : We present a derivation of a stochastic model of Navier Stokes equations that relies on a decomposition of the velocity fields into a differentiable drift component and a time uncorrelated uncertainty random term. This type of decomposition is reminiscent in spirit to the classical Reynolds decomposition. However, the random velocity fluctuations considered here are not differentiable with respect to time, and they must be handled through stochastic calculus. The dynamics associated with the differentiable drift component is derived from a stochastic version of the Reynolds transport theorem. It includes in its general form an uncertainty dependent subgrid bulk formula that cannot be immediately related to the usual Boussinesq eddy viscosity assumption constructed from thermal molecular agitation analogy. This formulation, emerging from uncertainties on the fluid parcels location, explains with another viewpoint some subgrid eddy diffusion models currently used in computational fluid dynamics or in geophysical sciences and paves the way for new large-scales flow modeling. We finally describe an applications of our formalism to the derivation of stochastic versions of the Shallow water equations or to the definition of reduced order dynamical systems.
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Etienne Mémin. Fluid flow dynamics under location uncertainty. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 108 (2), pp.119-146. 〈http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091929.2013.836190〉. 〈10.1080/03091929.2013.836190〉. 〈hal-00852874〉

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