A mathematical model of systemic inhibition of angiogenesis in metastatic development

Sebastien Benzekry 1, * Alberto Gandolfi 2 Philip Hahnfeldt 3
* Corresponding author
1 MC2 - Modélisation, contrôle et calcul
Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, UB - Université de Bordeaux, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5251
2 Istituto di Analisi dei Sistemi ed Informatica "A. Ruberti" - CNR
IASI - Istituto di Analisi dei Sistemi ed Informatica "Antonio Ruberti" [Roma]
Abstract : We present a mathematical model describing the time development of a population of tumors subject to mutual angiogenic inhibitory signaling. Based on biophysical derivations, it describes organism-scale population dynamics under the influence of three processes: birth (dissemination of secondary tumors), growth and inhibition (through angiogenesis). The resulting model is a nonlinear partial differential transport equation with nonlocal boundary condition. The nonlinearity stands in the velocity through a nonlocal quantity of the model (the total metastatic volume). The asymptotic behavior of the model is numerically investigated and reveals interesting dynamics ranging from convergence to a steady state to bounded non-periodic or periodic behaviors, possibly with complex repeated patterns. Numerical simulations are performed with the intent to theoretically study the relative impact of potentiation or impairment of each process of the birth/growth/inhibition balance. Biological insights on possible implications for the phenomenon of ''cancer without disease" are also discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 30, 2013 - 9:16:49 PM
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Sebastien Benzekry, Alberto Gandolfi, Philip Hahnfeldt. A mathematical model of systemic inhibition of angiogenesis in metastatic development. Congres SMAI 2013, May 2013, Seignosse, France. pp.75-87, ⟨10.1051.201445008⟩. ⟨hal-00867992⟩

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