https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00875813Bellis, CedricCedricBellisAPAM - Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics [New York] - Columbia University [New York]Imperiale, SébastienSébastienImperialeAPAM - Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics [New York] - Columbia University [New York]Dynamical 1D models of passive piezoelectric sensorsHAL CCSD2013[MATH.MATH-AP] Mathematics [math]/Analysis of PDEs [math.AP]Imperiale, Sébastien2013-11-07 09:33:092021-10-14 16:02:042013-11-08 09:53:21enJournal articleshttps://hal.inria.fr/hal-00875813/document10.1177/1081286512469980application/pdf1This study concerns the mathematical modeling of anisotropic and transversely inhomogeneous slender piezoelectric bars. Such rod-like structures are employed as passive sensors aiming at measuring the displace- ment field on the boundary of an underlying elastic medium excited by an external source. Based on the coupled three-dimensional dynamical equations of piezoelectricity in the quasi-electrostratic approximation, a set of limit problems is derived using formal asymptotic expansions of the electric potential and elastic displacement fields. The nature of these problems depends strongly on the choice of boundary conditions, therefore an appropriate set of constrains is introduced in order to derive 1D models that are relevant to the measurement of a displacement field imposed at one end of the bar. The structure of the first-order electric and displacement fields as well as the associated coupled limit equations are determined. Moreover, the properties of the homogenized material parameters entering these equations are investigated in various configurations. The obtained 1D models of piezoelectric sensors are analyzed and it is finally shown how they enable the identification of the boundary displacement associated with the probed elastic medium.