Empirical Studies in Information Visualization: Seven Scenarios

Heidi Lam 1 Enrico Bertini 2 Petra Isenberg 3 Catherine Plaisant 4 Sheelagh Carpendale 5
2 Department of Computer Science
Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Konstanz
3 AVIZ - Analysis and Visualization
Inria Saclay - Ile de France
4 HCIL
Department of Computer Science [College Park]
5 InnoVis
CPSC - Department of Computer Science [Calgary]
Abstract : We take a new, scenario based look at evaluation in information visualization. Our seven scenarios, evaluating visual data analysis and reasoning, evaluating user performance, evaluating user experience, evaluating environments and work practices, evaluating communication through visualization, evaluating visualization algorithms, and evaluating collaborative data analysis were derived through an extensive literature review of over 800 visualization publications. These scenarios distinguish different study goals and types of research questions and are illustrated through example studies. Through this broad survey and the distillation of these scenarios we make two contributions. One, we encapsulate the current practices in the information visualization research community and, two, we provide a different approach to reaching decisions about what might be the most effective evaluation of a given information visualization. Scenarios can be used to choose appropriate research questions and goals and the provided examples can be consulted for guidance on how to design one's own study.
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Heidi Lam, Enrico Bertini, Petra Isenberg, Catherine Plaisant, Sheelagh Carpendale. Empirical Studies in Information Visualization: Seven Scenarios. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012, 18 (9), pp.1520--1536. ⟨10.1109/TVCG.2011.279⟩. ⟨hal-00932606⟩

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