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A numerical study of two dimensional flows past a bluff body for dilute polymer solutions

Yong Liang Xiong 1 Charles-Henri Bruneau 1 Hamid Kellay 2
1 MC2 - Modélisation, contrôle et calcul
Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, UB - Université de Bordeaux, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5251
Abstract : In this paper, we use a simple Oldroyd B constitutive model to study the role of the viscoelasticity of dilute polymer solutions in two-dimensional flows past a bluff body using numerical simulations. This investigation is motivated by the numerous experimental results obtained in quasi two dimensional systems such as soap film channels. The numerical modeling is novel for this case and therefore a comprehensive comparison is carried out to validate the present penalization method and artificial boundary conditions. In particular we focus on flow past a circular object for various values of the Reynolds number, Weissenberg number, and polymer viscosity ratio. Drag enhancement and drag reduction regimes are discussed in detail along with their flow features such as the pattern of vortex-shedding, the variation of lift as well as changes in pressure, elongational rates, and polymer stress profiles. A comprehensive study of the flow behavior and energy balance are carefully carried out for high Reynolds numbers. Flow instabilities in both numerical and experimental results are discussed for high Weissenberg numbers
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Yong Liang Xiong, Charles-Henri Bruneau, Hamid Kellay. A numerical study of two dimensional flows past a bluff body for dilute polymer solutions. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, Elsevier, 2013, 196, pp.8-26. ⟨10.1016/j.jnnfm.2012.12.003⟩. ⟨hal-00935690⟩

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