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Acyclic, Star and Oriented Colourings of Graph Subdivisions

Abstract : Let G be a graph with chromatic number χ (G). A vertex colouring of G is \emphacyclic if each bichromatic subgraph is a forest. A \emphstar colouring of G is an acyclic colouring in which each bichromatic subgraph is a star forest. Let χ _a(G) and χ _s(G) denote the acyclic and star chromatic numbers of G. This paper investigates acyclic and star colourings of subdivisions. Let G' be the graph obtained from G by subdividing each edge once. We prove that acyclic (respectively, star) colourings of G' correspond to vertex partitions of G in which each subgraph has small arboricity (chromatic index). It follows that χ _a(G'), χ _s(G') and χ (G) are tied, in the sense that each is bounded by a function of the other. Moreover the binding functions that we establish are all tight. The \emphoriented chromatic number χ ^→(G) of an (undirected) graph G is the maximum, taken over all orientations D of G, of the minimum number of colours in a vertex colouring of D such that between any two colour classes, all edges have the same direction. We prove that χ ^→(G')=χ (G) whenever χ (G)≥ 9.
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David R. Wood. Acyclic, Star and Oriented Colourings of Graph Subdivisions. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, DMTCS, 2005, Vol. 7, pp.37-50. ⟨10.46298/dmtcs.344⟩. ⟨hal-00959027⟩

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