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Detection of Impulse-Like Airborne Sound for Damage Identification in Rotor Blades of Wind Turbines

Abstract : Structural health monitoring systems can help to improve safety and minimize the numerous economical burdens of wind turbines. To detect damage of rotor blades, several research projects focus on an acoustic emission approach. Acoustic emission stands for stress waves emitted by a damage process. For this approach components of the waves are measured with sensors mounted on the surface of the blade. Small damages can be detected, but the amount of sensors is relatively high due to the size of modern blades and high internal damping of composite materials. The damage process and stress waves also emit airborne sound. In contrast to existing approaches we use the airborne sound for damage detection. We developed a detection algorithm based on our signal analysis which showed that airborne sound provides adequate features for cracking sound detection. We optimized and tested the algorithm with our airborne sound recordings of a full-scale rotor blade test. In the first three days of the long term fatigue test our algorithm detects nine events per day, 79% of the events are cracking sounds. In the remaining 73 days of the fatigue test the algorithm detects about one event per day.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 8, 2014 - 10:03:56 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 8, 2014 - 11:51:01 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, October 8, 2014 - 11:50:27 AM


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  • HAL Id : hal-01020385, version 1



Thomas Krause, Stephan Preihs, Jörn Ostermann. Detection of Impulse-Like Airborne Sound for Damage Identification in Rotor Blades of Wind Turbines. EWSHM - 7th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, IFFSTTAR, Inria, Université de Nantes, Jul 2014, Nantes, France. ⟨hal-01020385⟩



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