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On Image Contours of Projective Shapes

Jean Ponce 1, 2 Martial Hebert 3 
2 WILLOW - Models of visual object recognition and scene understanding
DI-ENS - Département d'informatique - ENS Paris, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8548
Abstract : This paper revisits classical properties of the outlines of solid shapes bounded by smooth surfaces, and shows that they can be established in a purely projective setting, without appealing to Euclidean measurements such as normals or curvatures. In particular, we give new synthetic proofs of Koenderink's famous theorem on convexities and concavities of the image contour, and of the fact that the rim turns in the same direction as the viewpoint in the tangent plane at a convex point, and in the opposite direction at a hyperbolic point. This suggests that projective geometry should not be viewed merely as an analytical device for linearizing calculations (its main role in structure from motion), but as the proper framework for studying the relation between solid shape and its perspective projections. Unlike previous work in this area, the proposed approach does not require an oriented setting, nor does it rely on any choice of coordinate system or analytical considerations.
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Jean Ponce, Martial Hebert. On Image Contours of Projective Shapes. ECCV - European Conference on Computer Vision, Sep 2014, Zurich, Switzerland. ⟨hal-01053677⟩

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