P. B. Checkland, Systems Thinking, Systems Practice, 1981.

J. F. Sowa and J. A. Zachman, Extending and formalizing the framework for information systems architecture, IBM Systems Journal, vol.31, issue.3, pp.590-616, 1992.
DOI : 10.1147/sj.313.0590

E. Turban and J. Aronson, Decision Support Systems and Intelligent Systems, 2001.

J. Von-neumann and O. Morgenstern, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior Quoted in: Bernstein, Peter Against the gods: the remarkable story of risk, p.269, 1944.

G. K. Chacko, Decision-making under uncertainty: an applied statistics approach, Praeger, 1991.

T. Biswas, Decision making under uncertainty, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-349-25817-8

H. Simon, A. Models of bounded rationality, 1982.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/medihal-00828698

D. Kahneman and A. Tversky, Variants of uncertainty Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases, pp.509-520, 1982.

R. Thaler, From Homo Economicus to Homo Sapiens, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.14, issue.1, pp.133-141, 2000.
DOI : 10.1257/jep.14.1.133

S. Beer, The Heart of Enterprise, 1979.

L. Von-bertalanffy, General Systems Theory: Foundations, Developments, Applications, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vol.4, issue.6, 1968.
DOI : 10.1109/TSMC.1974.4309376

J. Forrester, Industrial Dynamics: a major break-through for decision-making, Harvard Business Review, vol.36, issue.4, pp.37-66, 1958.

M. Pidd, Tools for Thinking -Modelling in Management Science, 2003.

G. Midgley, Systemic Intervention: Philosophy, Methodology and Practice, p.Kluwer, 2000.

R. D. Stacey, Strategic Management and Organisational Dynamics ? The Challenge of Complexity, 2003.

C. F. Kurtz and D. J. Snowden, The New Dynamics of Strategy: Sense-Making in a Complex and Complicated World, IBM Systems Journal. Issue, pp.42-45, 2003.

E. Mitleton-kelly, Complex Systems & Evolutionary Perspectives of Organisations: The Application of Complexity Theory to Organisations, 2003.

D. Levy, Chaos theory and strategy: Theory, application, and managerial implications, Strategic Management Journal, vol.12, issue.29, pp.167-178, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250151011

P. Bernstein, Against the gods: the remarkable story of risk, 1996.

. Learning-theories-knowledgebase, Index of Learning Theories and Models at Learning- Theories.com, 2008.

R. M. Gagne, L. J. Briggs, and W. W. Wager, Principles of instructional design, 1992.

E. Glasersfeld, von Radical constructivism: A way of knowing and learning, 1995.

J. Bligh, Learning from uncertainty: a change of culture, Medical Education, vol.22, issue.1, 2001.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2001.00848.x

P. Dayan, Y. , and A. J. , Uncertainty and Learning, IETE Journal of Research, vol.77, issue.19, pp.171-182, 2003.
DOI : 10.1037/0735-7044.111.3.646

K. J. Arrow and . Utilities, Attitudes and Choices: A Review Note Quoted in Mack, Ruth P. Planning on uncertainty: decision making in business and government administration, pp.1-23, 1958.

N. K. Hayles, How Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature and Informatics, 1999.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226321394.001.0001

A. Bryant and . Thinking, Informatically " A New Understanding of Informations, Communications, and Technology, Lewiston: N.Y, vol.Lampeter, p.49, 2006.

W. L. Neuman, Social Research Methods, 1991.

R. Tesch, Qualitative Research: Analysis Types and Software Tools, 1990.

B. G. Glaser and A. L. Strauss, The Discovery of Grounded Theory; Strategies for Qualitative Research, Nursing Research, vol.17, issue.4, 1967.
DOI : 10.1097/00006199-196807000-00014

M. Miles and M. Huberman, Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods, p.Sage, 1994.

T. Eldabi, Z. Irani, R. Paul, and P. Love, Quantitative and qualitative decision???making methods in simulation modelling, Management Decision, vol.40, issue.1, pp.64-73, 2002.
DOI : 10.1108/00251740210413370

K. Charmaz, Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis, 2006.

H. J. Gergen, The social constructionist movement in modern psychology., American Psychologist, vol.40, pp.266-75, 1985.
DOI : 10.1037/10112-044

S. Gregor, The Nature of Theory in Information Systems, MIS Quarterly, vol.30, issue.3, pp.611-642, 2006.