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Stabilisation of beta and gamma oscillation frequency in the mammalian olfactory bulb

Nicolas Fourcaud-Trocmé 1, 2, * Emmanuelle Courtiol 1, 2 Nathalie Buonviso 1, 2 Thomas Voegtlin 3
* Corresponding author
3 CORTEX - Neuromimetic intelligence
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - AIS - Department of Complex Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
Abstract : The dynamics of the mammalian olfactory bulb (OB) is characterized by local field potential (LFP) oscillations either slow, in the theta range (2-10Hz, tightly linked to the respiratory rhythm), or fast, in the beta (15-30Hz) or gamma (40-90Hz) range. These fast oscillations are known to be modulated by odorant features and animal experience or state, but both their mechanisms and implication in coding are still not well understood. In this study, we used a double canulation protocol to impose artificial breathing rhythms to anesthetized rats while recording the LFP in the OB. We observed that despite the changes in the input air flow parameters (frequency or flow rate), the main characteristics of fast oscillations (duration, frequency or amplitude) were merely constant. We thus made the hypothesis that fast beta and gamma oscillations dynamics are entirely determined by the OB network properties and that external stimulation was only able put the network in a state which permits the generation of one or the other oscillations (they are never present simultaneously).
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Nicolas Fourcaud-Trocmé, Emmanuelle Courtiol, Nathalie Buonviso, Thomas Voegtlin. Stabilisation of beta and gamma oscillation frequency in the mammalian olfactory bulb. BMC Neuroscience, BioMed Central, 2011, 12 (Suppl 1), pp.P362. ⟨hal-01070257⟩

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