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Functional – structural plant models: a growing paradigm for plant studies

Risto Sievänen 1, * Christophe Godin 2 Ted de Jong 3 Eero Nikinmaa 1 
* Corresponding author
2 VIRTUAL PLANTS - Modeling plant morphogenesis at different scales, from genes to phenotype
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR AGAP - Amélioration génétique et adaptation des plantes méditerranéennes et tropicales
Abstract : A number of research groups in various areas of plant biology as well as computer science and applied mathematics have addressed modelling the spatiotemporal dynamics of growth and development of plants. This has resulted in development of functional –structural plant models (FSPMs). In FSPMs, the plant structure is always explicitly repre-sented in terms of a network of elementary units. In this respect, FSPMs are different from more abstract models in which a simplified representation of the plant structure is frequently used (e.g. spatial density of leaves, total biomass, etc.). This key feature makes it possible to build modular models and creates avenues for efficient exchange of model components and experimental data. They are being used to deal with the complex 3-D structure of plants and to simu-late growth and development occurring at spatial scales from cells to forest areas, and temporal scales from seconds to decades and many plant generations. The plant types studied also cover a broad spectrum, from algae to trees. This special issue of Annals of Botany features selected papers on FSPM topics such as models of morphological devel-opment, models of physical and biological processes, integrated models predicting dynamics of plants and plant com-munities, modelling platforms, methods for acquiring the 3-D structures of plants using automated measurements, and practical applications for agronomic purposes.
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Risto Sievänen, Christophe Godin, Ted de Jong, Eero Nikinmaa. Functional – structural plant models: a growing paradigm for plant studies. Annals of Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2014, 114 (4), pp.599-603. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcu175⟩. ⟨hal-01075790⟩



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