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Anesthetic action on extra-synaptic receptors: effects in neural population models of EEG activity

Meysam Hashemi 1 Axel Hutt 1, * Jamie Sleigh 2 
* Corresponding author
1 NEUROSYS - Analysis and modeling of neural systems by a system neuroscience approach
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - AIS - Department of Complex Systems, Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
Abstract : The role of extra-synaptic receptors in the regulation of excitation and inhibition in the brain has attracted increasing attention. Because activity in the extra-synaptic receptors plays a role in regulating the level of excitation and inhibition in the brain, they may be important in determining the level of consciousness. This paper reviews briefly the literature on extra-synaptic GABA and NMDA receptors and their affinity to anesthetic drugs. We propose a neural population model that illustrates how the effect of the anesthetic drug propofol on GABAergic extra- synaptic receptors results in changes in neural population activity and the electroencephalogram (EEG). Our results show that increased tonic inhibition in inhibitory cortical neurons cause a dramatic increase in the power of both δ and α bands. Conversely, the effects of increased tonic inhibition in cortical excitatory neurons and thalamic relay neurons have the opposite effect and decrease the power in these bands. The increased δ−activity is in accord with observed data for deepening propofol anesthesia; but is absolutely dependent on the inclusion of extrasynaptic (tonic) GABA action in the model.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 27, 2014 - 11:58:31 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 7:46:09 PM
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Meysam Hashemi, Axel Hutt, Jamie Sleigh. Anesthetic action on extra-synaptic receptors: effects in neural population models of EEG activity. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 2014, pp.1-19. ⟨hal-01088062⟩



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