F. Baader, D. Calvanese, D. L. Mcguinness, D. Nardi, and P. F. Patel-schneider, The Description Logic Handbook, 2007.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511711787

J. Basque and B. Pudelko, Modeling for Learning, Visual Knowledge and Competency Modeling -From Informal Learning Models to Semantic Web Ontologies. Hershey, 2010.
DOI : 10.4018/978-1-61520-839-5.ch016

T. Buzan and B. Buzan, The Mind Map Book: How to Use Radiant Thinking to Maximize Your Brain's Untapped Potential, 1994.

M. Chein and M. Mugnier, Graph-based Knowledge Representation London, 2008.

T. Eskridge, P. Hayes, and R. Hoffman, Formalizing The Informal: A Confluence Of Concept Mapping And The Semantic Web. Paper presented at the Second Int, Conference on Concept Mapping, 2006.

D. Ga?evi?, D. Djuri?, and V. Deved?i?, Model Driven Architecture and Ontology Development, 2006.

M. Héon, OntoCASE: Méthodologie et assistant logiciel pour une ingénierie ontologique fondée sur la transformation d'un modèle semi-formel, 2010.

M. Héon, OntoCASE un outil CASE d'élicitation et de conception d'une ontologie OWL, Handbook for Education and Training on Information Technologies, 2008.

D. L. Mcguinness and F. V. Harmelen, OWL Web Ontology Language Overview Retrieved 30 mai, 2004.

D. L. Mcguinness, P. F. Patel-schneider, R. H. Thomason, M. K. Abrahams, L. A. Resnick et al., Wine Ontology, OWL Web Ontology Language Guide, 2004.

J. D. Novak and A. J. Cañas, The Origins of the Concept Mapping Tool and the Continuing Evolution of the Tool, Information Visualization, vol.2, issue.3, pp.175-184, 2006.
DOI : 10.1057/palgrave.ivs.9500126

G. Paquette, L'ingénierie pédagogique. Sainte-Foy (Québec): Presses de l, 2002.

G. Paquette, Visual Knowledge and Competency Modeling -From Informal Learning Models to Semantic Web Ontologies, 2010.
DOI : 10.4018/978-1-61520-839-5

J. Rumbaugh, I. Jackson, and G. Booch, The Unified Modeling Language Reference Manual, 1999.

J. F. Sowa, Conceptual Graph, Handbook on Architectures of Information Systems, p.834, 1999.

Y. Yang, EMF Ontology Definition Metamodel, 2006.

L. Yu, OWL: Web Ontology Language A Developer's Guide to the Semantic Web, pp.155-239, 2011.