Characterizing the respective importance of ontogeny and environmental constraints in forest tree development using growth phase duration distributions

Olivier Taugourdeau 1 Yves Caraglio 1 Sylvie Sabatier 1 Yann Guédon 2, 3
3 VIRTUAL PLANTS - Modeling plant morphogenesis at different scales, from genes to phenotype
UMR AGAP - Amélioration génétique et adaptation des plantes méditerranéennes et tropicales, INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : This study aimed to identify robust indicators that summarize the respective importance of ontogeny and environmental constraints in tree development. In the proposed approach, tree growth data correspond to the retrospective measurement of annual shoot characteristics (e.g. length, number of branches) along the main stem. We applied segmentation models to identify tree growth phases. These segmentation models, which are hidden semi-Markov chains, were compared with simple hidden Markov chains that correspond to the environment-driven development assumption. This statistical modelling approach was applied to both evergreen (Corsican pine and silver fir) and deciduous (sessile oak and Persian wal-nut) tree species growing in contrasted conditions ranging from managed forest stands to unmanaged understoreys. Growth phase duration distributions estimated within these segmentation models char-acterize the respective importance of ontogeny and environmental constraints in tree development at the population scale and have very contrasted characteristics in terms of shape and relative dispersion between ontogeny-driven and environment-driven tree development. These characteristics may change over tree life, reflecting changes in tree competition. Growth phase duration distributions summarize the joint trajectory of tree ontogeny and environment without requiring tree growth follow-up data for their estimation.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01110350
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 28, 2015 - 8:13:36 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 15, 2019 - 9:10:03 AM

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Olivier Taugourdeau, Yves Caraglio, Sylvie Sabatier, Yann Guédon. Characterizing the respective importance of ontogeny and environmental constraints in forest tree development using growth phase duration distributions. Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, 2015, 300, pp.61 - 72. ⟨10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.12.022⟩. ⟨hal-01110350⟩

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